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Experiments > MarketLink > Configuration > Markets Tab Printer Friendly

Markets Tab

The Markets tab, which is shown in figure 1, is used to select (1) characteristics of the experiment session, (2) the number of commodities that are traded and the institution(s) they trade in, and (3) details of the market institution for each market. The screen display on the Markets tab has a separate area for each of these functions. Each of these three areas is described below.

Experiment Parameters

Some of the parameters in an experiment apply broadly to the experiment session, rather than to specific subjects or to specific markets. The Experiment Parameters area, at the upper left on the 'Markets' tab of the MarketLink Configuration Editor, is used to define elements that are common to all subjects in the experiment, and common to all markets that are open. These parameters are listed below.

Experiment Parameters

  • the number of trading periods in the experiment session;
  • the conversion rate, which specifies the amount of currency that a subject receives per unit of experiment payoff earned;
  • the length of each trading period (each of which is broken into three phases);
    • during the preview phase, the subject can examine induced costs or values, or induced dividend schedules, and other aspects of the market that are relevent to the subject's decision problem;
    • the trading phase is the period of time during a trading period when exchanges occur;
    • the review phase provides an opportunity to subjects to examine the trades that they have completed and the profits earned as a result of these trades;
  • the minimum number of subjects required to start the session;
  • whether instructions are shown to subjects when they start the client application; and
  • whether the subject is informed of the number of trading periods in the experiment session when the session begins.

Markets in the Experiment

This area is used to define the Markets that are open, and the market institution for each open market. Currently, MarketLink supports two market institutions - the double auction and the posted offer auction - but it only supports one market, so the only decision to be made when editing this area is the institution. Eventually though, when multiple markets are included in MarketLink, more choices will be possible in this area.

Institution Parameters for Market # 1

This area is used to define many of the specific rules of the market institution. For the double auction, there are a number of possible variants of the market rules, such as whether only limit orders are permitted, or both limit and market orders are permitted, whether a buyer's bid that is displaced by another buyer's bid is then placed in a queue for later execution, and so forth.

For the double auction, the institution parameters in MarketLink are listed below, as they apply to buyers. The effects on sellers are analogous.

  • whether market orders to buy, which are orders that execute at the current best (lowest) ask, are allowed;
  • whether limit orders, which specify a maximum price a buyer is willing to pay, are allowed;
  • whether an electronic queue of bids is maintained;
  • whether limit orders are removed after each trade;
  • whether bids can be removed from the queue;
  • whether the queues are revealed to the traders;
  • whether trades in blocks of more than one unit are permitted;
  • whether new bids must improve upon previous bids;
  • whether the type of price improvement is weak (a new bid must be at least as high as the current best bid) or strong (a new bid must be higher than the current best bid);
  • whether the bid improvement rule is relative to ones own bid or to the market best bid;
  • whether buyers receive a warning message if their bid is more than 'n' standard deviations above the mean trade price (where the mean is taken over at most the past 20 trades).

Figure 1: Markets tab from the MarketLink Configuration editor.

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